3,4-Methylenedioxyphenol (sesamol) is effective against acetaminophen-induced liver injury in rats. Whether sesamol's anti-hepatotoxic effect is comparable to that of N-acetylcysteine has never been studied. We investigated the anti-hepatotoxic effects of sesamol and N-acetylcysteine on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Equimolar doses (1 mmol/kg) of sesamol and N-acetylcysteine significantly inhibited acetaminophen (300 mg/kg)-increased serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels 6 h post-administration. Sesamol and N-acetylcysteine maintained hepatic glutathione levels and inhibited lipid peroxidation. Moreover, the combination of sesamol and N-acetylcysteine antagonistically inhibited sesamol's protection against acetaminophen-induced liver injury. We conclude that the protective effect of sesamol against acetaminophen-induced liver damage is comparable to that of N-acetylcysteine by maintaining glutathione levels and inhibiting lipid peroxidation in mice.
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