Four new sesquiterpenes (1–4), one new alkaloid (5), and one new benzenoid glycoside (6) were characterized from Lindera aggregata, and their structures were elucidated according to their spectrometric analytical data. Among these isolates, 3 and 4 were constructed as possessing unprecedented carbon skeletons from the natural source. Some of these purified constituents were examined for their anti-inflammatory bioactivity. Among the tested compounds, linderaggredin C (3), (+)-N-methyllaurotetanine, and (+)-isoboldine displayed the significant inhibition of superoxide anion generation in human neutrophils with IC50 values of 7.45 ± 0.74, 8.36 ± 0.11, and 5.81 ± 0.59 μM, respectively.
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