This study reports the synthesis of a series of heteroaroyl-2-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzenes, which are potent antitubulin agents. Compound 13, (2-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-(6-methoxy-1H-indol-3-yl)-methanone exhibits marked antiproliferative activity against KB and MKN45 cells with IC50 values of 8.8 and 10.5 nM, respectively, binds strongly to the colchicine binding site and leads to inhibition of tubulin polymerization. It also behaves as a vascular disrupting agent which suppresses the formation of capillaries. The C2-OH group in the A-ring of this compound not only retains the biological activity but has valuable physicochemical properties.
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