Apparatus for Comparison of Pullout Forces for Various Thoracic Stent Grafts at Varying Neck Angulations and Oversizes

Cheng Hsien Chiang, Ming Long Yeh, Wei Ling Chen, Chung Dann Kan

研究成果: Article同行評審

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background The purpose of this study is to provide an apparatus for comparison of pullout forces for various thoracic stent grafts at varying neck angulations and oversizes. Methods An in vitro platform capable of performing pullout tests was used on stent grafts in angulated silicone tubes designed for this study (0°, 45°, 90°, and 135° with a 32-mm inner diameter) in a temperature-controlled chamber (37 ± 2°C). Three commercial stent grafts with sizes commonly used in Taiwan (Valiant: 34, 36, 38, and 40 mm; Zenith TX2: 34, 36, 38, and 40 mm; and TAG: 34, 37, and 40 mm) were used, and each size was tested 8 times for each angulation condition. Results The mean dislodgement forces (DFs) at 0° angulation within 10–20% oversize were approximately 22.7, 9.6, and 9.0 N for the Valiant, Zenith TX2, and TAG devices, respectively, whereas the mean DFs decreased by 46%, 38%, and 50% to 12.3, 5.9, and 4.5 N when the angulation reached 135°. Regression analysis shows that neck angulation was a significant factor for the Valiant and Zenith TX2 devices (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively) but not for the TAG device (P = 0.483). In addition, oversize and interactions between variables (angulation × oversize) exhibited significant effects on the DFs for all devices (P < 0.0001). Conclusions We successfully built up an apparatus for comparison of pullout forces for various thoracic stent grafts at varying neck angulations and oversizes. With the empirical comparative data of different brand stent grafts under various conditions shown and compared, our findings suggest that aortic neck angulation has a negative correlation with stent-graft fixation. To have better stent-graft fixation and seal in the aortic arch for thoracic endovascular aortic repair, a longer landing zone with cautiously selected oversize is a more suitable selection.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)196-204
頁數9
期刊Annals of Vascular Surgery
31
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2016 2月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 手術
  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

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