Background: Comprehensive pre-reoperative localization is essential in complicated persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism. The widely used imaging studies sometimes lead to ambiguous results. Our study aimed to clarify the role of tissue aspirate parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay with a new positive assay definition for imaging suspicious neck lesions in these challenging scenarios. Methods: All patients with complicated recurrent or persistent renal hyperparathyroidism underwent parathyroid sonography and scintigraphy. Echo-guided tissue aspirate PTH assay was performed in suspicious lesions revealed by localization imaging studies. The tissue aspirate PTH level was determined by an immunoradiometric assay. We proposed a newly-developed definition for positive assay as a washout level higher than one-thirtieth of the serum PTH level obtained at the same time. The final diagnosis after re-operation was confirmed by the pathologists. Results: In total, 50 tissue aspirate PTH assays were performed in 32 patients with imaging suspicious neck lesions, including discrepant results between scintigraphy and sonography in 47 lesions (94%), unusual locations in 19 lesions (38%), multiple foci in 28 lesions (56%), and locations over previously explored areas in 31 lesions (62%). Among 39 assay-positive lesions, 13 lesions (33.3%) were not identified by parathyroid scintigraphy, and 28 lesions (71.8%) had uncertain parathyroid sonography findings. The final pathology in patients who underwent re-operative surgery proved the tissue aspirate PTH assays had a 100% positive predictive value. Conclusions: Our findings suggest tissue aspirate PTH assay with this new positive assay definition is beneficial to clarify the nature of imaging suspicious lesions in patients with complicated persistent or recurrent renal hyperparathyroidism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 醫藥 (全部)