In this paper, the whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is applied to the inverse scattering of an imperfect conductor with corners. The WOA is a new metaheuristic optimization algorithm. It mimics the hunting behavior of humpback whales. The inspiration results from the fact that a whale recognizes the location of a prey (i.e., optimal solution) by swimming around the prey within a shrinking circle and along a spiral-shaped path simultaneously. Initially, the inverse scattering is first transformed into a nonlinear optimization problem. The transformation is based on the moment method solution for scattering integral equations. To treat a target with corners and implement the WOA inverse scattering, the cubic spline interpolation is utilized for modelling the target shape function. Numerical simulation shows that the inverse scattering by WOA not only is accurate but also converges fast.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering