A sensing platform based on the attenuated total reflection surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS) technique and immobilized aptamer has been proposed herein for the selective detection of mercury ions (Hg2+). In the proposed platform, 5′ thiolated 32-mer DNA probes with methylene blue at the 3′ end were immobilized on a thin gold (Au) surface layer. Following Hg2+ ions interacting with T bases of the aptamer, T-Hg-T bonds are formed; resulting in a hairpin-shaped formation of the DNA and a detectable change in the IR absorbance of the sensing interface. Notably, the background noise produced by external molecules (e.g., water, non-specific binding molecules and bulk solution) is reduced to a negligible level by means of the ATR detection mode. It is shown that the proposed sensor has a linear response (R2 = 0.986) with high sensitivity and good selectivity over the Hg2+ range of 0.01 μM–50 μM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry