Areca quid chewing by Taiwanese adolescents: Application of the Attitudes Social Influence Self-efficacy (ASE) model

Shih Ming Li, S. Rwei Ling Yu, Hsing Chia Hu, Jehn Shyun Huang

研究成果: Review article

11 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Aims: To investigate the factors associated with areca quid-chewing behaviour using the Attitudes-Social influence-Self-efficacy (ASE) model as a theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting and participants: A total of 400 students from a junior high school participated in the study in 2001 in Chia-Yi city (Taiwan). Measurements: Expectancy scales (for the attitude component of the ASE), a self-efficacy scale (for the self-efficacy component of the ASE) and a social norm scale (for the social influence component of the ASE) were utilized. These measures displayed good reliability and validity. Findings: Forty-seven students (11.75%) reported that they had tried chewing areca quid previously, eight of them practicing chewing it every day. Positive and negative expectancy (r = 0.43, r = 0.20), self- efficacy (r = -0.65), and subject social norm (r = 0.53) were significantly correlated with participants' intentions to chew areca quid. In a regression model, self-efficacy (β = -0.46, P < 0.001), social norm (β = 0.22, P < 0.001), positive expectancy (β = 0.18, P < 0.001) and negative expectancy (β = -0.08, P = 0.040) all made independent contributions to predicting intentions to chew and explained 46.8% of the variance in areca quid-chewing behaviour. Conclusions: Areca quid chewing appeared to be linked to positive expectancy and social norms pertaining to areca quid chewing associated with adolescents. However, high negative expectancy and high self-efficacy encouraged contrary behaviour. The application of the ASE model as the scenario could improve our understanding of the intention of the areca quid chewing among these adolescents.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1723-1729
頁數7
期刊Addiction
98
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2003 十二月 1

指紋

Areca
Mastication
Self Efficacy
Students
Taiwan
Reproducibility of Results
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

引用此文

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title = "Areca quid chewing by Taiwanese adolescents: Application of the Attitudes Social Influence Self-efficacy (ASE) model",
abstract = "Aims: To investigate the factors associated with areca quid-chewing behaviour using the Attitudes-Social influence-Self-efficacy (ASE) model as a theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting and participants: A total of 400 students from a junior high school participated in the study in 2001 in Chia-Yi city (Taiwan). Measurements: Expectancy scales (for the attitude component of the ASE), a self-efficacy scale (for the self-efficacy component of the ASE) and a social norm scale (for the social influence component of the ASE) were utilized. These measures displayed good reliability and validity. Findings: Forty-seven students (11.75{\%}) reported that they had tried chewing areca quid previously, eight of them practicing chewing it every day. Positive and negative expectancy (r = 0.43, r = 0.20), self- efficacy (r = -0.65), and subject social norm (r = 0.53) were significantly correlated with participants' intentions to chew areca quid. In a regression model, self-efficacy (β = -0.46, P < 0.001), social norm (β = 0.22, P < 0.001), positive expectancy (β = 0.18, P < 0.001) and negative expectancy (β = -0.08, P = 0.040) all made independent contributions to predicting intentions to chew and explained 46.8{\%} of the variance in areca quid-chewing behaviour. Conclusions: Areca quid chewing appeared to be linked to positive expectancy and social norms pertaining to areca quid chewing associated with adolescents. However, high negative expectancy and high self-efficacy encouraged contrary behaviour. The application of the ASE model as the scenario could improve our understanding of the intention of the areca quid chewing among these adolescents.",
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Areca quid chewing by Taiwanese adolescents : Application of the Attitudes Social Influence Self-efficacy (ASE) model. / Li, Shih Ming; Yu, S. Rwei Ling; Hu, Hsing Chia; Huang, Jehn Shyun.

於: Addiction, 卷 98, 編號 12, 01.12.2003, p. 1723-1729.

研究成果: Review article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Areca quid chewing by Taiwanese adolescents

T2 - Application of the Attitudes Social Influence Self-efficacy (ASE) model

AU - Li, Shih Ming

AU - Yu, S. Rwei Ling

AU - Hu, Hsing Chia

AU - Huang, Jehn Shyun

PY - 2003/12/1

Y1 - 2003/12/1

N2 - Aims: To investigate the factors associated with areca quid-chewing behaviour using the Attitudes-Social influence-Self-efficacy (ASE) model as a theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting and participants: A total of 400 students from a junior high school participated in the study in 2001 in Chia-Yi city (Taiwan). Measurements: Expectancy scales (for the attitude component of the ASE), a self-efficacy scale (for the self-efficacy component of the ASE) and a social norm scale (for the social influence component of the ASE) were utilized. These measures displayed good reliability and validity. Findings: Forty-seven students (11.75%) reported that they had tried chewing areca quid previously, eight of them practicing chewing it every day. Positive and negative expectancy (r = 0.43, r = 0.20), self- efficacy (r = -0.65), and subject social norm (r = 0.53) were significantly correlated with participants' intentions to chew areca quid. In a regression model, self-efficacy (β = -0.46, P < 0.001), social norm (β = 0.22, P < 0.001), positive expectancy (β = 0.18, P < 0.001) and negative expectancy (β = -0.08, P = 0.040) all made independent contributions to predicting intentions to chew and explained 46.8% of the variance in areca quid-chewing behaviour. Conclusions: Areca quid chewing appeared to be linked to positive expectancy and social norms pertaining to areca quid chewing associated with adolescents. However, high negative expectancy and high self-efficacy encouraged contrary behaviour. The application of the ASE model as the scenario could improve our understanding of the intention of the areca quid chewing among these adolescents.

AB - Aims: To investigate the factors associated with areca quid-chewing behaviour using the Attitudes-Social influence-Self-efficacy (ASE) model as a theoretical framework. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting and participants: A total of 400 students from a junior high school participated in the study in 2001 in Chia-Yi city (Taiwan). Measurements: Expectancy scales (for the attitude component of the ASE), a self-efficacy scale (for the self-efficacy component of the ASE) and a social norm scale (for the social influence component of the ASE) were utilized. These measures displayed good reliability and validity. Findings: Forty-seven students (11.75%) reported that they had tried chewing areca quid previously, eight of them practicing chewing it every day. Positive and negative expectancy (r = 0.43, r = 0.20), self- efficacy (r = -0.65), and subject social norm (r = 0.53) were significantly correlated with participants' intentions to chew areca quid. In a regression model, self-efficacy (β = -0.46, P < 0.001), social norm (β = 0.22, P < 0.001), positive expectancy (β = 0.18, P < 0.001) and negative expectancy (β = -0.08, P = 0.040) all made independent contributions to predicting intentions to chew and explained 46.8% of the variance in areca quid-chewing behaviour. Conclusions: Areca quid chewing appeared to be linked to positive expectancy and social norms pertaining to areca quid chewing associated with adolescents. However, high negative expectancy and high self-efficacy encouraged contrary behaviour. The application of the ASE model as the scenario could improve our understanding of the intention of the areca quid chewing among these adolescents.

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