Arsenic compounds have been applied treating acute promyelocytic 1eukemia and solid tumors with brief mechanism investigations. In fact, we have demonstrated that sodium arsenite plus dimethylarsenic acid could activate apoptosis in MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells by inducing caspase pathways. However, detail underlying mechanisms how caspase cascade is regulated remains elusive. Therefore, the apoptotic mechanism of sodium arsenite plus dimethylarsenic acid were examined in MA-10 cells in this study. Our results reveal that Fas/FasL protein expressions were stimulated by sodium arsenite plus dimethylarsenic acid in MA-10 cells. In addition, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, cytochrome C release, Bid truncation, and Bax translocation were induced in MA-10 cells by arsenic compounds. Moreover, activation of p38, JNK and ERK1/2, MAPK pathways was stimulated while Akt phosphorylated levels and Akt expression were decreased by sodium arsenite plus dimethylarsenic in MA-10 cells. In conclusion, sodium arsenite and dimethylarsenic acid did activate MAPK pathway plus ROS generation, but suppress Akt pathway, to modulate caspase pathway and then induce MA-10 cell apoptosis.
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