Aspartame Intake Delayed Puberty Onset in Female Offspring Rats and Girls

Chia Yuan Lin, Nam Nhat Nguyen, Wan Ling Tsai, Rong Hong Hsieh, Hung Tsung Wu, Yang Ching Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Scope: The disturbance of the hypothalamic–pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, gut microbiota (GM) community, and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) is a triggering factor for pubertal onset. The study investigates the effects of the long-term intake of aspartame on puberty and GM in animals and humans. Methods and results: Aspartame-fed female offspring rats result in vaginal opening time prolongation, serum estrogen reduction, and serum luteinizing hormone elevation, 60 mg kg−1 aspartame treatment decreases the mRNA levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Kiss1, and G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), increases the mRNA level of RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), and decreases the expression of GnRH neurons in the hypothalamus. Significant differences in relative bacterial abundance at the genus levels and decreased fecal SCFA levels are noted by 60 mg kg−1 aspartame treatment. Among which, Escherichia–Shigella is negatively correlated with several SCFAs. In girls, high-dose aspartame consumption decreases the risk of precocious puberty. Conclusions: Aspartame reduces the chance of puberty occurring earlier than usual in female offspring and girls. Particularly, 60 mg kg−1 aspartame-fed female offspring delays pubertal onset through the dysregulation of HPG axis and GM composition by inhibiting the Kiss1/GPR54 system and inducing the RFRP-3. An acceptable dose of aspartame should be recommended during childhood.

原文English
文章編號2300270
期刊Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
68
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2024 3月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物技術
  • 食品科學

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