Assessing gene-environment interactions for common and rare variants with binary traits using gene-trait similarity regression

Guolin Zhao, Rachel Marceau, Daowen Zhang, Jung Ying Tzeng

研究成果: Article同行評審

14 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Accounting for gene–environment (G×E) interactions in complex trait association studies can facilitate our understanding of genetic heterogeneity under different environmental exposures, improve the ability to discover susceptible genes that exhibit little marginal effect, provide insight into the biological mechanisms of complex diseases, help to identify high-risk subgroups in the population, and uncover hidden heritability. However, significant G×E interactions can be difficult to find. The sample sizes required for sufficient power to detect association are much larger than those needed for genetic main effects, and interactions are sensitive to misspecification of the main-effects model. These issues are exacerbated when working with binary phenotypes and rare variants, which bear less information on association. In this work, we present a similarity-based regression method for evaluating G×E interactions for rare variants with binary traits. The proposed model aggregates the genetic and G×E information across markers, using genetic similarity, thus increasing the ability to detect G×E signals. The model has a random effects interpretation, which leads to robustness against maineffect misspecifications when evaluating G×E interactions. We construct score tests to examine G×E interactions and a computationally efficient EM algorithm to estimate the nuisance variance components. Using simulations and data applications, we show that the proposed method is a flexible and powerful tool to study the G×E effect in common or rare variant studies with binary traits.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)695-710
頁數16
期刊Genetics
199
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 三月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 遺傳學

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