Assessing the potential highest storm tide hazard in Taiwan based on 40-year historical typhoon surge hindcasting

Yi Chiang Yu, Hongey Chen, Hung Ju Shih, Chih Hsin Chang, Shih Chun Hsiao, Wei Bo Chen, Yung Ming Chen, Wen Ray Su, Lee Yaw Lin

研究成果: Article

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Typhoon-induced storm surges are catastrophic disasters in coastal areas worldwide, although typhoon surges are not extremely high in Taiwan. However, the rising water level around an estuary could be a block that obstructs the flow of water away from the estuary and indirectly forms an overflow in the middle or lower reaches of a river if the occurrence of the highest storm surge (HSS) coincides with the highest astronomical tide (HAT). Therefore, assessing the highest storm tide (HST, a combination of the HSS andHAT) hazard level along the coast of Taiwan is particularly important to an early warning of riverine inundation. This study hindcasted the storm surges of 122 historical typhoon events from 1979 to 2018 using a high-resolution, unstructured-grid, surge-wave fully coupled model and a hybrid typhoon wind model. The long-term recording measurements at 28 tide-measuring stations around Taiwan were used to analyze the HAT characteristics. The hindcasted HSSs of each typhoon category (the CentralWeather Bureau of Taiwan classified typhoon events into nine categories according to the typhoon's track) were extracted and superposed on the HATs to produce the individual potential HST hazard maps. Each map was classified into six hazard levels (I to VI). Finally, a comprehensive potential HST hazard map was created based on the superposition of the HSSs from 122 typhoon events and HATs.

原文English
文章編號346
期刊Atmosphere
10
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 六月 1

    指紋

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

引用此

Yu, Y. C., Chen, H., Shih, H. J., Chang, C. H., Hsiao, S. C., Chen, W. B., Chen, Y. M., Su, W. R., & Lin, L. Y. (2019). Assessing the potential highest storm tide hazard in Taiwan based on 40-year historical typhoon surge hindcasting. Atmosphere, 10(6), [346]. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10060346