Purpose: Plasma markers that enable diagnosis in the early stage of lung cancer is not discovered. A liquid chromatography multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (LC-MRM-MS) assay for identifying potential early marker proteins for lung adenocarcinoma is developed. Experimental Design: LC-MRM-MS assay is used for measuring the level of 35 candidate peptides in plasma from 102 lung adenocarcinoma patients (including n = 50, 16, 24, and 12 in stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively.) and 84 healthy controls. Stable isotope labeled standard peptides are synthesized to accurately measure the amount of these proteins. Results: Seven proteins are able to distinguish stage I patients from controls. These proteins are combined in to a protein marker panel which improve the sensitivity to discriminate stage I patients from controls with cross-validated area under the curve = 0.76. Besides, it is found that low expression of eukaryotic initiation factor 4A-I and high expression of lumican show significantly poor prognosis in overall survival (p = 0.012 and 0.0074, respectively), which may be used as prognostic biomarkers for lung cancer. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Proteins highlighted here may be used for early detection of lung adenocarcinoma or therapeutics development after validation in a larger cohort.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry