Association between Conversion to Shockable Rhythms and Survival with Favorable Neurological Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests

for the Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study Clinical Research Network

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Background: The initial cardiac rhythm in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) portends different prognoses and affects treatment decisions. Initial shockable rhythms are associated with good survival and neurological outcomes but there is conflicting evidence for those who initially present with non-shockable rhythms. The aim of this study is to evaluate if OHCA with conversion from non-shockable (i.e., asystole and pulseless electrical activity) rhythms to shockable rhythms compared to OHCA remaining in non-shockable rhythms is associated with better survival and neurological outcomes. Method: OHCA cases from the Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study registry in 13 countries between January 2009 and February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Cases with missing initial rhythms, age <18 years, presumed non-medical cause of arrest, and not conveyed by emergency medical services were excluded. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between initial and subsequent shockable rhythm, survival to discharge, and survival with favorable neurological outcomes (cerebral performance category 1 or 2). Results: Of the 116,387 cases included. 11,153 (9.6%) had initial shockable rhythms and 9,765 (8.4%) subsequently converted to shockable rhythms. Japan had the lowest proportion of OHCA patients with initial shockable rhythms (7.3%). For OHCA with initial shockable rhythm, the adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for survival and good neurological outcomes were 8.11 (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.62-8.63) and 15.4 (95%CI 14.1-16.8) respectively. For OHCA that converted from initial non-shockable to shockable rhythms, the aORs for survival and good neurological outcomes were 1.23 (95%CI 1.10-1.37) and 1.61 (95%CI 1.35-1.91) respectively. The aORs for survival and good neurological outcomes were 1.48 (95%CI 1.22-1.79) and 1.92 (95%CI 1.3 − 2.84) respectively for initial asystole, while the aOR for survival in initial pulseless electrical activity patients was 0.83 (95%CI 0.71-0.98). Prehospital adrenaline administration had the highest aOR (2.05, 95%CI 1.93-2.18) for conversion to shockable rhythm. Conclusion: In this ambidirectional cohort study, conversion from non-shockable to shockable rhythm was associated with improved survival and neurologic outcomes compared to rhythms that continued to be non-shockable. Continued advanced resuscitation may be beneficial for OHCA with subsequent conversion to shockable rhythms.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)126-134
頁數9
期刊Prehospital Emergency Care
28
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 急診醫學
  • 緊急護理

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