Association of intrahepatic cccDNA reduction with the improvement of liver histology in chronic hepatitis B patients receiving oral antiviral agents

研究成果: Article

38 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is difficult to eradicate using current antiviral therapy. This study compares cccDNA reduction with relation to liver histology in nucleoside/nucleotide-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients receiving oral antiviral monotherapy (n=35), including entecavir (ETV, n=13), adefovir dipivoxil (ADV, n=22) or placebo (n=14). Serum HBV DNA, intrahepatic total HBV DNA and cccDNA are quantified. Histological hepatic examination is performed at baseline and at 48 weeks of treatment. Treatment with ETV or ADV shows significant median reduction in serum HBV DNA (-6.21 and -4.27log10 copies/mL) and intrahepatic total HBV DNA (-1.69 and -1.23log10 copies/cell). Intrahepatic cccDNA levels are reduced slightly in the ETV and the ADV groups, but do not differ statistically from the placebo group (-0.17 vs. -0.01 vs. 0.02 copies/cell). Only the level of intrahepatic cccDNA correlates with Knodell necroinflammation activity (r=0.527, P<0.001) and Ishak fibrosis severity (r=0.348, P=0.015) before treatment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicates that treatment-induced cccDNA reduction is associated with improved necroinflammation (P=0.041) and fibrosis (P=0.026). In conclusion, baseline intrahepatic cccDNA loads correlate with histologic activity. Although one-year ETV or ADV treatment is insufficient for cccDNA eradication, oral antiviral therapies may improve liver histology, probably by suppressing intrahepatic cccDNA.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)602-607
頁數6
期刊Journal of Medical Virology
83
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2011 四月 1

    指紋

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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