Back pain among workers in the United States: National estimates and workers at high risk

How‐Ran ‐R Guo, Shiro Tanaka, Lorraine L. Cameron, Paul J. Seligman, Virginia J. Behrens, Jiin Ger, Deanna K. Wild, Vern Putz‐Anderson

研究成果: Article同行評審

208 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Back pain accounts for about one fourth of workers' compensation claims in the United States. The Occupational Health Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey provided an opportunity to assess the scope of this problem. The 30,074 respondents who worked in the 12 months before the interview were defined as “workers”, and those with back pain every day for a week or more during that period were defined as “cases.” A weighting factor was applied to the answers to derive national estimates. In 1988, about 22.4 million back pain cases (prevalence 17.6%) were responsible for 149.1 million lost workdays; 65% of cases were attributable to occupational activities. For back pain attributed to activities at work, the risk was highest for construction laborers among males (prevalence 22.6%) and nursing aides among females (18.8%). Our analyses show that back pain is a major cause of morbidity and lost production for U.S. workers and identifies previously unrecognized high risk occupations, such as carpenters, automobile mechanics, maids, janitors, and hairdressers, for future research and prevention.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)591-602
頁數12
期刊American Journal of Industrial Medicine
28
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1995 十一月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康

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