Ballistic interferences in suspended graphene

Peter Rickhaus, Romain Maurand, Ming Hao Liu, Markus Weiss, Klaus Richter, Christian Schönenberger

研究成果: Article同行評審

119 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The low-energy electronic excitations in graphene are described by massless Dirac fermions that have a linear dispersion relation. Taking advantage of this 'optics-like' electron dynamics, generic optical elements like lenses and wave guides have been proposed for electrons in graphene. Tuning of these elements relies on the ability to adjust the carrier concentration in defined areas. However, the combination of ballistic transport and complex gating remains challenging. Here we report on the fabrication and characterization of suspended graphene p-n junctions. By local gating, resonant cavities can be defined, leading to complex Fabry-Pérot interferences. The observed conductance oscillations account for quantum interference of electrons propagating ballistically over distances exceeding 1 μm. Visibility of the interferences is demonstrated to be enhanced by Klein collimation at the p-n interface. This finding paves the way to more complex gate-controlled ballistic graphene devices and brings electron optics in graphene closer to reality.

原文English
文章編號2342
期刊Nature communications
4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化學 (全部)
  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)
  • 物理與天文學 (全部)

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