Behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia in Taiwan

Yen Hua Shih, Chi Jane Wang, En Ping Sue, Jing Jy Wang

研究成果: Article

摘要

Patients with dementia, especially those with advanced dementia, may not be able to express their bowel movement and urination needs using lucid language, and instead do so through behaviors. The aim of the current study was to understand and compare the behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia. Observations were made by caregivers of 187 patients with dementia based on the Behavior Checklist developed by the research team for bowel movement and urination. Sixteen behavioral characteristics were identifi ed for both bowel movement and urination; among these, anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, restlessness, attempting to go elsewhere, scratching skin, repeated behavior, and making strange sounds were commonly reported. Facial expressions of sorrow, restlessness, and anxiety were the three most common behaviors related to bowel movement needs, whereas anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, and constant moaning were the most common behaviors for urination needs. The fi ndings suggest that the common behavioral characteristics could be seen as indicators of excretion need and the others can be used to distinguish between the need for bowel movement and urination.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)22-29
頁數8
期刊Journal of gerontological nursing
41
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 一月 1

指紋

Urination
Taiwan
Dementia
Psychomotor Agitation
Clothing
Anxiety
Facial Expression
Checklist
Caregivers
Language
Skin
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Gerontology

引用此文

@article{3a9c408ca7cb4a2e8eb2a98d8d752c73,
title = "Behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia in Taiwan",
abstract = "Patients with dementia, especially those with advanced dementia, may not be able to express their bowel movement and urination needs using lucid language, and instead do so through behaviors. The aim of the current study was to understand and compare the behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia. Observations were made by caregivers of 187 patients with dementia based on the Behavior Checklist developed by the research team for bowel movement and urination. Sixteen behavioral characteristics were identifi ed for both bowel movement and urination; among these, anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, restlessness, attempting to go elsewhere, scratching skin, repeated behavior, and making strange sounds were commonly reported. Facial expressions of sorrow, restlessness, and anxiety were the three most common behaviors related to bowel movement needs, whereas anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, and constant moaning were the most common behaviors for urination needs. The fi ndings suggest that the common behavioral characteristics could be seen as indicators of excretion need and the others can be used to distinguish between the need for bowel movement and urination.",
author = "Shih, {Yen Hua} and Wang, {Chi Jane} and Sue, {En Ping} and Wang, {Jing Jy}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3928/00989134-20150414-01",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "22--29",
journal = "Journal of Gerontological Nursing",
issn = "0098-9134",
publisher = "Slack Incorporated",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia in Taiwan

AU - Shih, Yen Hua

AU - Wang, Chi Jane

AU - Sue, En Ping

AU - Wang, Jing Jy

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Patients with dementia, especially those with advanced dementia, may not be able to express their bowel movement and urination needs using lucid language, and instead do so through behaviors. The aim of the current study was to understand and compare the behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia. Observations were made by caregivers of 187 patients with dementia based on the Behavior Checklist developed by the research team for bowel movement and urination. Sixteen behavioral characteristics were identifi ed for both bowel movement and urination; among these, anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, restlessness, attempting to go elsewhere, scratching skin, repeated behavior, and making strange sounds were commonly reported. Facial expressions of sorrow, restlessness, and anxiety were the three most common behaviors related to bowel movement needs, whereas anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, and constant moaning were the most common behaviors for urination needs. The fi ndings suggest that the common behavioral characteristics could be seen as indicators of excretion need and the others can be used to distinguish between the need for bowel movement and urination.

AB - Patients with dementia, especially those with advanced dementia, may not be able to express their bowel movement and urination needs using lucid language, and instead do so through behaviors. The aim of the current study was to understand and compare the behavioral characteristics of bowel movement and urination needs in patients with dementia. Observations were made by caregivers of 187 patients with dementia based on the Behavior Checklist developed by the research team for bowel movement and urination. Sixteen behavioral characteristics were identifi ed for both bowel movement and urination; among these, anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, restlessness, attempting to go elsewhere, scratching skin, repeated behavior, and making strange sounds were commonly reported. Facial expressions of sorrow, restlessness, and anxiety were the three most common behaviors related to bowel movement needs, whereas anxiety, taking off /putting on clothes inappropriately, and constant moaning were the most common behaviors for urination needs. The fi ndings suggest that the common behavioral characteristics could be seen as indicators of excretion need and the others can be used to distinguish between the need for bowel movement and urination.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930353735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930353735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3928/00989134-20150414-01

DO - 10.3928/00989134-20150414-01

M3 - Article

C2 - 25912240

AN - SCOPUS:84930353735

VL - 41

SP - 22

EP - 29

JO - Journal of Gerontological Nursing

JF - Journal of Gerontological Nursing

SN - 0098-9134

IS - 6

ER -