Betulinic acid decreases specificity protein 1 (Sp1) level via increasing the sumoylation of Sp1 to inhibit lung cancer growth

Tsung I. Hsu, Mei Chun Wang, Szu Yu Chen, Shih Ting Huang, Yu Min Yeh, Wu Chou Su, Wen Chang Chang, Jan Jong Hung

研究成果: Article同行評審

69 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Previous studies have shown that the inhibitory effect of betulinic acid (BA) on specificity protein 1 (Sp1) expression is involved in the prevention of cancer progression, but the mechanism of this effect remains to be delineated. In this study, we determined that BA treatment in HeLa cells increased the sumoylation of Sp1 by inhibiting sentrin-specific protease 1 expression. The subsequent recruitment of E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RING finger protein 4 resulted in ubiquitin-mediated degradation in a 26S-proteosome-dependent pathway. In addition, both BA treatment and mithramycin A (MMA) treatment inhibited lung tumor growth and down-regulated Sp1 protein expression in KrasG12D-induced lung cancers of bitransgenic mice. In gene expression profiles of KrasG12D-induced lung cancers in bitransgenic mice with and without Sp1 inhibition, 542 genes were affected by MMA treatment. One of the gene products, cyclin A2, which was involved in the S and G 2/M phase transition during cell cycle progression, was investigated in detail because its expression was regulated by Sp1. The down-regulation of cyclin A2 by BA treatment resulted in decreased retinoblastoma protein phosphorylation and cell cycle G2/M arrest. The BA-mediated cellular Sp1 degradation and antitumor effect were also confirmed in a xenograft mouse model by using H1299 cells. The knockdown of Sp1 in lung cancer cells attenuated the tumor-suppressive effect of BA. Taken together, the results of this study clarify the mechanism of BA-mediated Sp1 degradation and identify a pivotal role for Sp1 in the BA-induced repression of lung cancer growth.

頁(從 - 到)1115-1128
期刊Molecular Pharmacology
出版狀態Published - 2012 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分子醫學
  • 藥理


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