Biological hydrogen production: Dark fermentation

Kuo Shing Lee, Liang Ming Whang, Ganesh D. Saratale, Shing Der Chen, Jo Shu Chang, Hisham Hafez, George Nakhla, Hesham El Naggar

研究成果: Chapter

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Over the past few decades, the global population and the demand for energy have been growing at an exponential rate. Fossil fuels are the major source of energy (about 80%) in modern society (Demirbas, 2007). On the basis of the current consumption rate, it is estimated that the present known reserves of fossil fuels will last from 41 to 700 years (Goldemberg and Johansson, 2004; Goldemberg, 2007). The limited life and the unfettered use of fossil fuels and concerns about energy security have had a negative impact on the environment because of the emission of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, and CO), which has resulted in global warming and environmental pollution (Koh and Ghazoul, 2008; Saratale et al., 2008). For these reasons, in the present century, significant efforts are being made globally toward the development of technologies that generate clean, sustainable energy sources that can be a substitute for fossil fuels. One of these is biofuel (Gong et al., 1999; Ragauskas et al., 2006).

主出版物標題Handbook of Hydrogen Energy
發行者CRC Press
出版狀態Published - 2014 1月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般化學工程
  • 一般化學
  • 一般能源
  • 一般工程


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