Biomechanical Comparison of Coracoclavicular Fixation Using Metallic Versus All-Suture Anchors

Chih Kai Hong, Fa Chuan Kuan, Kai Lan Hsu, Yueh Chen, Chen Hao Chiang, Wei Ren Su

研究成果: Article同行評審


Background: A coracoclavicular (CC) fixation technique using an all-suture anchor with the assistance of fluoroscopy can prevent iatrogenic anterior deltoid detachment from the clavicle; however, soft anchor pullout has been reported as a complication. Purpose: To compare the biomechanical properties of conventional metallic and all-suture anchors for CC suture fixation. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: A total of 24 fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens were divided into 2 groups: metal anchor group (group M) and all-suture anchor group (group A). In group M, 5.0-mm metallic suture anchors were used for CC fixation, whereas 2.8-mm all-suture anchors were used in group A. The prepared specimens were mounted on a materials testing machine. After preconditioning at 0 to 20 N for 10 cycles, the specimens were subjected to cyclic loading from 20 to 70 N for 1000 cycles. Finally, all the specimens were loaded to failure. Cyclic elongation, linear stiffness, ultimate load, and failure modes were recorded, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare nonparametric parameters between the 2 groups. Results: All of the specimens completed the cyclic loading test. The elongation after cyclic loading in group M (1.6 ± 0.6 mm) was significantly smaller compared with that in group A (2.5 ± 1.2 mm) (P =.02). No between-group differences were found in linear stiffness (42 ± 17 N/mm in group M and 41 ± 17 N/mm in group A). The ultimate failure load in group M (263 ± 66 N) was significantly greater than that in group A (177 ± 76 N) (P =.02). All specimens failed because of suture anchor pullout. Conclusion: The use of all-suture anchors in CC fixation resulted in significantly greater cyclic displacement and smaller ultimate failure load than that of metallic anchors. Clinical Relevance: Understanding the most biomechanically sound suture anchor may assist in lowering the risk of clinical failure in CC fixation and repair.

期刊Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
出版狀態Published - 2024 1月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 骨科和運動醫學


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