Engagement of HIV-positive persons into care and achieving optimal antiretroviral treatment outcomes is a fundamental HIV prevention strategy. Case management model was recommended as a beneficial model of care for patients with a new HIV diagnosis, focusing on individuals with unmet needs, and linking them with the coordinated health and social services to achieve desired outcomes. HIV case management is population-driven and programs are designed to respond to the unique needs of the client population they serve, such as substance users, homeless, youth, and prison inmates. This view found 28 studies addressing effectiveness and impacts of case management intervention for people living with or at risk of HIV/AIDS. Effectiveness of case management intervention was categorized as follows: decreased mortality and improve health outcomes, linkage to and retention in care, decreased unmet needs, and reducing risky behaviors.
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