Background: Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing to the aggressive nature of the disease, even in early stage disease. Case presentation: A 25-year-old nulligravida woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge and was diagnosed to have an exophytic cervical SCNEC. A magnetic resonance image scan showed no evidence of parametrial invasion or distant metastasis. Clinical staging allocated her to stage IB1 disease. She underwent radical abdominal trachelectomy for reproductive purpose. Preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy with ifosfamide/etoposide/cisplatin combining gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist were administered. She had a spontaneous, uneventful pregnancy and successfully delivered a term baby via cesarean section 7 years after treatment. Conclusion: To our knowledge, we describe the first success in offering a fertility-preserving multimodality strategy to present favorable oncologic, reproductive, and obstetric outcomes in a fertile woman of stage I SCNEC. Individualized multimodality therapy may be utilized in specific patients with early-stage cervical cancer to preserve their fertility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology