Cathepsin L mediates resveratrol-induced autophagy and apoptotic cell death in cervical cancer cells

Keng Fu Hsu, Chao Liang Wu, Soon Cen Huang, Ching Ming Wu, Jenn Ren Hsiao, Yi Te Yo, Yu Hung Chen, Ai Li Shiau, Cheng Yang Chou

研究成果: Article同行評審

136 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Cathepsins have long been considered as housekeeping molecules. However, specific functions have also been attributed to each of these lysosomal proteases. Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) 1, widely expressed in various uterine cervical cells, is an endogenous cathepsin (cat) L inhibitor. In this study, we investigated whether the cat L-SCCA 1 lysosomal pathway and autophagy were involved in resveratrol (RSV)-induced cytotoxicity in cervical cancer cells. RSV induced GFP-LC3 aggregation as well as increased the presence of LC3-II and autophagosomes as was revealed by electron microscopy in cervical cancer cells. Prolonged treatment of RSV induced cytosolic translocation of cytochrome c, caspase 3 activation and apoptotic cell death. This apoptotic effect was abrogated by trans-epoxysuccinyl-L-leucylamido-(4-guanidino)butane, an inhibitor of cat B and L, but not by pepstatin A, an inhibitor of cat D. As cervical cancer cells express little cat B, we further studied the role of cat L. RSV induced dissipation of the lysosomal membrane permeability (LMP), leakage and increased cytosolic expression and activity of cat L. Inhibition of cat L by small interference RNA (siRNA) protected cells from RSV-induced cytotoxicity. In contrast, inhibition of SCCA 1 by siRNA promoted RSV-induced cytotoxicity. Inhibition of autophagic response by wortmannin (WT) or asparagine (ASP) resulted in decreased early LC3-II formation, reduced LMP, and abolishment of the increase in RSV-induced cell death. In conclusion, we have identified a new cytotoxic mechanism in which the lysosomal enzyme cat L acts as a death signal integrator in cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, SCCA 1 may play an antiapoptotic role through anti-cat L activity.

頁(從 - 到)451-460
出版狀態Published - 2009 5月 16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分子生物學
  • 細胞生物學


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