Epidemiologic and clinical research indicates that chronic inflammation increases the risk of certain cancers, possibly through chromosomal instability. However, the mechanism of inflammation-dependent chromosomal instability associated with tumorigenesis is not well characterized. The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein δ (C/EBPδ, CEBPD) is induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and expressed in chronically inflamed tissue. In this study, we show that TNFα promotes aneuploidy. Loss of CEBPD attenuated TNFα-induced aneuploidy, and CEBPD caused centromere abnormality. Additionally, TNFα-induced CEBPD expression augmented anchorage-independent growth. We found that TNFα induced expression of aurora kinase C (AURKC) through CEBPD, and that AURKC also causes aneuploidy. Furthermore, high CEBPD expression correlated with AURKC expression in inflamed cervical tissue specimens. These data provide insight into a novel function for CEBPD in inducing genomic instability through the activation of AURKC expression in response to inflammatory signals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes