This study investigated alkanethiolate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of varied chain lengths adsorbed upon novel Au-coated microelectrodes, of which the surface properties were quantitatively evaluated by surface characterization and 3T3 fibroblast cell adhesion, total impedance and cell detachment tests. Thin-film SAMs adsorbed upon Au/PI/Si provided a hydrophobic or passive surface with increased water contact angle and initial total impedance. From cell adhesion tests, we can observe that the film formed as a dense-packed spacer resulted in incomplete cell sealing of 3T3 cells upon the surface-modified microelectrode. Thus the decrease in cell coverage rate and in the slope in association with total impedance as a function of cell-surface reaction time can be found. To study the adhesion force of a comparable single cell attached upon varied modified surfaces, a cell detachment test using a triangular probe tip of a well defined cantilever was carried out in medium containing fibroblast cells. Overall, both the peak force and the work required to detach a comparable single cell from the anchoring domain corresponded well to the increased length of alkyl chains adsorbed upon Au/PI/Si. Both measurements on the SAM modified surfaces demonstrated much smaller values than those on the pristine Au/PI/Si surface. These results concluded that a cell-repulsive characteristic was clearly formed on the SAM modified microelectrode surface. The non-adhering properties of surface-modified microelectrodes should provide better sensitivity for neuromuscular stimulation as well as for the recording of infinitesimal neural signals in future applications of neural prostheses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化學 (全部)