Chemoresistance is a major hurdle in cancer treatment. Down-regulation of apoptosis pathways is one of the key determinants for chemoresistance. Here, we report higher gelsolin (GSN) levels in chemoresistant gynecological cancer cells compared with their sensitive counterparts. cis-Diammine dichloroplatinium (II) (CDDP)-induced GSN down-regulation is associated with its cleavage and apoptosis. Although the C-terminal GSN fragment (C-GSN) sensitized chemoresistant cells to CDDP, intact GSN and its N-terminal fragment (N-GSN) attenuated this response. GSN silencing also facilitated CDDP-induced apoptosis in chemoresistant cells. In contrast, intact GSN (I-GSN) was prosurvival in the presence of CDDP through a FLICE-like inhibitory protein (FLIP)-ltch interaction. This interaction was colocalized in the perinuclear region that could be dissociated by CDDP in sensitive cells, thereby inducing FLIP ubiquitination and degradation, followed by apoptosis. In resistant cells, GSN was highly expressed and CDDP failed to abolish the I-GSN-FLIP-Itch interaction, resulting in the dysregulation of the downstream responses. In addition, we investigated the association between GSN expression in ovarian serous adenocarcinoma and progression free survival and overall survival, as well as clinical prognosis. GSN overexpression was significantly associated with more aggressive behavior and more cancer deaths and supported our hypothesis that high GSN expression confers chemoresistance in cancer cells by altering the GSN-FLIP-Itch interaction. These findings are in agreement with the notion that GSN plays an important role in the regulation of gynecological cell fate as reflected in dysregulation in chemosensitivity.
|頁（從 - 到）||14442-14447|
|期刊||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|出版狀態||Published - 2014 十月 7|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes