Cellulose nanocrystal extraction from rice straw using a chlorine-free bleaching process

Shih Chen Shi, Guan Ting Liu

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) have attracted tremendous attention because of their excellent chemical and physical properties and due to their renewability and sustainability. This material can be extracted from agricultural by-products such as rice straw, banana tree, or bagasse. Rice straw was selected as the raw material in this study. Initially, a large amount of lignin must be removed by an alkaline process to obtain a slurry. Thereafter, a green bleaching process can be used to remove the remaining lignin in the slurry. An UV-emitting diode with 365 nm wavelength assisted the oxidation reaction of the H2O2 solution without the use of chlorine-containing chemical bleach. The reaction required only 2.5 h to obtain high-purity cellulose and successfully enhanced the yield. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the CNCs from rice straw were ~ 100 nm long and 10–15 nm wide. The crystalline index and degradation temperature of CNCs were 83.8% and 257 °C, respectively.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)6147-6158
頁數12
期刊Cellulose
28
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 七月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 聚合物和塑料

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