Background: This study aimed to investigate the changing trends in serogroup distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of nontyphoid Salmonella (NTS) isolated from children in the past two decades in Taiwan. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled patients aged younger than 18 years with culture-proven NTS infection in a tertiary medical center from 1997 to 2016. Data on age, Salmonella serogroup, culture sample, and antimicrobial susceptibility were obtained from medical records. The rates of Salmonella serogroups and antimicrobial resistance were compared between period 1 (1997–2006) and period 2 (2007–2016). Results: A total of 2075 NTS isolates were identified from 1997 to 2016 (1036 in period 1, 1039 in period 2). The major isolates were from feces (89.1%) and blood (10.4%). The most common serogroup was serogroup B (54.8%), followed by serogroup D (18.8%). There was a significant decline in the proportion of serogroup B with a concomitant rise in serogroup D in the past two decades. In period 2, resistance to cefotaxime and cefixime increased remarkably among serogroup B, whereas resistance to ampicillin increased notably among serogroup D. Furthermore, the incidence of multidrug-resistant (≥3 antibiotics) NTS significantly decreased in both serogroup B and serogroup D in period 2. Conclusion: This study revealed a significant rise in serogroup D with a concomitant decline in serogroup B NTS infection in Taiwanese children. Moreover, antimicrobial resistance to third-generation cephalosporins increased in serogroup B. Continuous surveillance of NTS serogroup distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility is mandatory to formulate therapeutic strategies for NTS infections.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases