Characteristics of scrub typhus, murine typhus, and Q fever among elderly patients: Prolonged prothrombin time as a predictor for severity

Ko Chang, Nan Yao Lee, Wen Chien Ko, Wei Ru Lin, Yen Hsu Chen, Jih Jin Tsai, Tun Chieh Chen, Chun Yu Lin, Ya Ting Chang, Po Liang Lu

研究成果: Article同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/purpose: The clinical manifestations of scrub typhus, murine typhus and acute Q fever in the elderly are not clear. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to identify the characteristics of the elderly aged ≥65 years with a comparison group aged 18–64 years among patients with scrub typhus, murine typhus, or acute Q fever who were serologically confirmed at three hospitals in Taiwan during 2002–2011. Results: Among 441 cases, including 187 cases of scrub typhus, 166 acute Q fever, and 88 murine typhus, 68 (15.4%) cases were elderly patients. The elderly had a higher severe complication rate (10.3% vs. 3.5%, p = 0.022), but did not have a significantly higher mortality rate (1.47% vs. 0.54%, p = 0.396). Compared with those without severe complications, we found the elderly (p = 0.022), dyspnea (p = 0.006), less relative bradycardia (p = 0.004), less febrile illness (p = 0.004), prolonged prothrombin time (PT) (p = 0.002), higher levels of initial C-reactive protein (p = 0.039), blood leukocyte counts (p = 0.01), and lower platelet counts (p = 0.012) are significantly associated with severe complications. Only prolonged prothrombin time was associated with severe complications in multivariate analysis (p = 0.018, CI 95% 0.01–0.66). Among clinical symptoms and laboratory data, multivariate analysis revealed chills was less frequently occurred in the elderly (p = 0.012, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33–9.99). Conclusion: The elderly cases with scrub typhus, murine typhus, or acute Q fever would be more likely to have severe complications, for which prothrombin time prolongation is an important predictor for severe complications.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)54-61
頁數8
期刊Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
52
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 二月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 免疫學和過敏
  • 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)
  • 微生物學(醫學)
  • 傳染性疾病

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