Characterizations of gas purge valves for liquid alignment and gas removal in a microfluidic chip

Han Sheng Chuang, Raviraj Thakur, Steven T. Wereley

研究成果: Article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Two polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) gas purge valves for excessive gas removal in general lab-on-a-chip applications are presented in this paper. Both valves are devised based on a three-layer configuration comprising a top layer for liquid channels, a membrane and a bottom layer for gas channels. The pneumatic valves work as a normal gateway for fluids when the membrane is bulged down (open state) by vacuum or pushed up (closed state) by pressure. In the closed state, the air in front of a liquid can be removed through a small notch or a permeable PDMS membrane by compressing the liquid. The purge valve with a small notch across its valve seat, termed surface-tension (ST) valve, can be operated with pressure under 11.5 kPa. The liquid is mainly retained by the surface tension resulting from the hydrophobic channel walls. In contrast, the purge valve with vacuum-filled grooves adjacent to a liquid channel, termed gas-permeation (GP) valve, can be operated at pressure above 5.5 kPa. Based on the principle of gas permeation, the excessive air can be slowly removed through the vent grooves. Detailed evaluations of both valves in a pneumatically driven microfluidic chip were conducted. Specifically, the purge valves enable users to remove gas and passively align liquids at desired locations without using sensing devices or feedback circuits. Finally, a rapid mixing reaction was successfully performed with the GP valves, showing their practicability as incorporated in a microfluidic chip.

原文English
文章編號085023
期刊Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
22
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2012 8月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子、光磁材料
  • 材料力學
  • 機械工業
  • 電氣與電子工程

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