The thyroid hormone, T3, regulates cell growth, differentiation and development through binding to the nuclear thyroid hormone receptor (THR), a member of the steroid/TR superfamily of ligand-dependent transcriptional factors. T3 modulates lipid metabolism in liver, although the detailed molecular mechanisms are unclear at present. Here, by a microarray analysis, we identified a novel chromosome 19 open reading frame 80 (C19orf80) which was activated by T3. T3 stimulation led to upregulation of both mRNA and protein levels of C19orf80. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed a vesicle-like pattern of C19orf80 around lipid droplets or within the lysosome-associated compartment in cells. Furthermore, T3 treatment as well as C19orf80 overexpression specifically activated the autophagic response and lipid metabolism, as observed from lipidated LC3 (LC3-II) and levels of oxygen consumption rate, respectively. Reciprocally, knockdown of C19orf80 obstructed T3-activated autophagy and lipolysis. Moreover, treatment with autolysosome maturation inhibitors, ammonium chloride and chloroquine, not only suppressed the T3-activated autophagic process but also lipid metabolism. Our results collectively suggested that T3 regulates lipid metabolism through a C19orf80- activated autophagic process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology