Circulating interleukin-6 level is a prognostic marker for survival in advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer patients treated with chemotherapy

Chin Hao Chang, Chin Fu Hsiao, Yu Min Yeh, Gee Chen Chang, Ying Huang Tsai, Yuh Min Chen, Ming Shyan Huang, Hui Ling Chen, Yao Jen Li, Pan Chyr Yang, Chien Jen Chen, Chao A. Hsiung, Wu Chou Su

研究成果: Article同行評審

148 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide as well as in Taiwan. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine and has been implicated in tumor progression. This study recruited 245 patients with advanced (Stage 3B/4) nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that had received chemotherapy, to evaluate associations between IL-6 and lung cancer-specific survival. Among these subjects, 112 gave blood samples before and 133 after the start of chemotherapy. Plasma IL-6 was measured using an enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay. The 33rd and 66th percentiles of IL-6 concentrations were 2.01 and 25.16 for the 245 patients and were defined as the cutoff points for dividing the patients into low, intermediate and high groups. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional-hazard models were used to evaluate the relationship between the IL-6 level and survival time. Results after adjusting for age, sex, smoking history, histologic type and stage of lung cancer revealed a significant relationship. For all patients, the hazard ratio with high IL-6 levels for lung cancer-specific survival was 2.10 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.49-2.96] compared with low IL-6 levels. The hazard ratio for patients who were recruited before and after the start of chemotherapy was1.25 (95% CI = 0.73-2.13) and 3.66 (95% CI = 2.18-6.15), respectively. Patients with high circulating IL-6 also responded poorly to chemotherapy. Therefore, a high level of circulating IL-6 was associated with an inferior response and survival outcome in NSCLC patients treated with chemotherapy. What's new? IL-6 has been implicated in the development of drug resistance in tumors. In this study, the authors found that plasma levels of IL-6 from samples collected after chemotherapy provide a more accurate prediction of survival for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer than samples collected before chemotherapy. In addition, patients with high plasma levels of IL-6 responded poorly to chemotherapy. Therefore, a high circulating IL-6 level is an independent prognostic marker for lung cancer-specific survival, especially for patients who have received chemotherapy.

頁(從 - 到)1977-1985
期刊International Journal of Cancer
出版狀態Published - 2013 5月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腫瘤科
  • 癌症研究


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