Clinical and epidemiological implications of swine hepatitis E virus infection

Jaw Ching Wu, Chuan Mu Chen, Tzen Yuh Chiang, I. Jane Sheen, Jen Yu Chen, Wen Hsuan Tsai, Yi Hsiang Huang, Shou Dong Lee

研究成果: Article同行評審

86 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In nonendemic areas, most patients with acute hepatitis E were infected through traveling to endemic areas. However, some patients did not have a history of foreign travel before infection. Furthermore, high seroprevalence rates of antibody to hepatitis E virus (anti-HEV) were found in the general adult population in some countries without any recorded outbreak of hepatitis E. The significance of anti-HEV assay in these subjects remains obscure. To study if swine might be a source of HEV infection, HEV was tested in sera of 235 pigs in Taiwan, and from 5 patients with acute HEV infection who either denied or did not provide any foreign travel history. Three (1.3%) pigs had detectable swine HEV RNA. The swine and human HEV strains from Taiwan formed a monophyletic group, distinct from three previously reported groups: the United States human and swine HEV strains, the Mexico strain, and the largest group composed of the Asian and the African strains. The identity of nucleotide sequences was 84-95% between swine and human HEV strains in Taiwan, and 72-79% between Taiwan strains and those from different areas. The predicted amino acid sequence of a Taiwan swine HEV strain within the peptide 3-2 used in commercial anti-HEV assay showed a high identity (91-94%) with those of other human and swine HEV strains. Swine may be a reservoir of HEV and subclinical swine HEV infection may occur. Cross-reactivity of current anti-HEV assay may account for the high prevalence rate of anti-HEV in the general population in nonendemic areas.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)166-171
頁數6
期刊Journal of Medical Virology
60
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2000 一月 19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 病毒學
  • 傳染性疾病

指紋

深入研究「Clinical and epidemiological implications of swine hepatitis E virus infection」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此