The present study tests the efficacy of the multi-scaled urease test (MUT) in detecting Helicobacter pylon. infection and determines whether the MUT can predict the bacterial density on histology. A total of 111 sets of gastric specimens were obtained from patients with dyspepsia but without recent bleeding. Two biopsies were taken as closely as possible in each set. One sample was used for the MUT (Hp fast; GI Supply, Camp Hill, PA, USA), while the other was used to determine the histological density of H. pylori by modified Giemsa stain (grade 0-5). The results of MUT were interpreted as negative if the colour was yellow or bright green (reaction score 0) and positive if the colour was green, light blue, or blue (reaction score 1, 2 and 3, respectively). The reaction scores of MUT were recorded sequentially at 15 and 30 min and 1, 4 and 24 h. On the basis of histological confirmation, MUT had a sensitivity of 89.6%, a specificity of 88.2%, a positive predictive value of 94.5% and a negative predictive value of 78.9%. Focusing on specimens with the presence of bacteria under histology, 77 specimens were divided into five subgroups by grades of density of H. pylori (HPD1-5). The reaction scores had become sequentially elevated from 30 min through to 24 h in each subgroup. For subgroups HPD4 and 5, the positive rates of MUT were 70.6 and 66.6%, respectively, as early as 30 min and progressed to 100% within 4 h. In contrast, the positive rate for the HPD1 subgroup was 16.6% at 4 h and increased to only 62.5% at 24 h. In subgroups HPD 2 and 3, the positive rates were less than 30% at 30 min, but became more than 66.6% at 4 h and were 100% at 24 h. The early (i.e. mean value of reaction scores before 4 h) and late (24 h) mean reaction scores disclosed two elevated trends as the density of H. pylori increased (early: 0.2, 0.7, 0.8, 1.5, 1.2; late: 1.4, 2.3, 2.6, 3.0, 3.0; P < 0.05). In conclusion, MUT is a reliable method for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. It can also indirectly predict the density of H. pylori on histology.
|頁（從 - 到）||1-6|
|期刊||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|出版狀態||Published - 1997 一月 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes