Objective: To examine the utility of the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) in predicting outcomes in older adults with urologic malignancies undergoing curative surgeries. Methods: This prospective observational cohort study was conducted in a university-based tertiary medical center. Patients aged 75 years or older who were scheduled to undergo curative surgery for a urologic malignancy from January 2017 to December 2017 were recruited. Patients were grouped according to the CFS scores. The primary postoperative outcome measures were a major complication within 30 days and a decline in the activities of daily living (ADL) within 30 days and 90 days. Multivariable analyses and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were performed to investigate the association between the CFS and postoperative outcomes. Results: A total of 82 patients, 50% women, were enrolled with mean age 81.6 years. The CFS was significantly associated with postoperative outcomes in a dose-response relationship. When compared with those with a CFS <5, patients with CFS scores ≥5 had a 10.3-times higher risk for a major complication, 8.5-times and 21.4-times higher risk for a decline in ADL within 30 days and 90 days. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for the CFS to predict a major complication, the 30-day decline in ADL and the 90-day decline in ADL were 0.60, 0.73, and 0.79. Conclusion: A higher CFS score predicted a higher risk of poor outcomes in this population. It is recommended that patients with higher CFS scores, especially above 5, are needed to receive further multidisciplinary perioperative care.
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