Comparative cardiometabolic risk of antipsychotics in children, adolescents and young adults

Ying Shan Chung, Shih Chieh Shao, Mei Hong Chi, Swu Jane Lin, Chien Chou Su, Yea Huei Kao Yang, Yen Kuang Yang, Edward Chia Cheng Lai

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Understanding different cardiometabolic safety profiles of antipsychotics helps avoid unintended outcomes among young patients. We conducted a population-based study to compare cardiometabolic risk among different antipsychotics in children, adolescents and young adults. From Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Database, 2001–2013, we identified two patient cohorts aged 5–18 (children and adolescents) and 19–30 (young adults), diagnosed with psychiatric disorders and newly receiving antipsychotics, including haloperidol and sulpiride, and second generation antipsychotics (SGA, including olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, amisulpride, aripiprazole, paliperidone, and ziprasidone). Risperidone users were considered the reference group. We analyzed electronic medical records from seven hospitals in Taiwan and confirmed findings with validation analyses of identical design. Primary outcomes were composite cardiometabolic events, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and major adverse cardiovascular events. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models compared cardiometabolic risk among antipsychotics. Among 29,030 patients aged 5–18 and 50,359 patients aged 19–30 years, we found 1200 cardiometabolic event cases during the total follow-up time of 37,420 person-years with an incidence of 32.1 per 1000 person-years. Compared to risperidone, olanzapine was associated with a significantly higher risk of cardiometabolic events in young adults (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.57; 95% CIs 1.13–2.18) but not in children and adolescents (1.85; 0.79–4.32). Specifically, we found young adult patients receiving haloperidol (1.52; 1.06–2.20) or olanzapine (1.75; 1.18–2.61) had higher risk of hypertension compared with risperidone users. Results from validation analyses concurred with main analyses. Antipsychotics’ various risk profiles for cardiometabolic events merit consideration when selecting appropriate regimes. Due to cardiometabolic risk, we suggest clinicians may consider to select alternative antipsychotics to olanzapine in children, adolescents and young adults.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)769-783
頁數15
期刊European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
30
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 五月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 兒科、圍產兒和兒童健康
  • 發展與教育心理學
  • 精神病學和心理健康

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