The present study compares castability and mechanical performance among alloys of c.p. Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb and a newly-developed Ti-15Mo-1Bi in regard to their as-cast state. Experimental results indicate that average cast length of Ti-6Al-7Nb appears a little lower than c.p. Ti and Ti-1SMo-1Bi. although the differences are not significant. C.p. Ti has an hcp α phase of lath-type morphology with serrated, irregular grain boundaries. Ti-6Al-7Nb is dominated by hexagonal a phase with acicular martensitic morphology. In particular. Ti-15Mo-1Bi is comprised of equiaxed. metastable bcc β phase. The hardened layer thicknesses of three materials are similar. Ti-15Mo-1Bi has the highest surface microvickers hardness, while c.p. Ti has the lowest. The bulk hardness of c.p. Ti is much lower than the other two alloys which display similar hardness. Notably. Ti-15Mo-1Bi and Ti-6Al-7Nb have similar bending strength which is far higher than c.p. Ti. The bending modulus of Ti-15Mo-1Bi is significantly lower than c.p. Ti and Ti-6Al-7Nb. Ti-15Mo-1Bi also shows a much larger elastic recovery angle than two other materials. Tensile test indicates that Ti-15Mo-1Bi has a similar UTS but much higher YS and elongation along with much lower tensile modulus compared to Ti-6Al-7Nb.
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