A leftover narrow strip of the posterior pharyngeal wall may form after laryngopharyngectomy, and whether to retain it during reconstruction remains debated owing to the differing views on the incidence of leakage and strictures. This study aimed to ascertain whether this remnant posterior pharyngeal wall is advantageous or disadvantageous to surgeons performing pharyngoesophageal reconstruction. We reviewed the data of patients with circumferential or near-circumferential pharyngoesophageal defects following oncological laryngopharyngectomy who underwent reconstructive surgery utilizing the anterolateral thigh flap. They were then categorized into two groups: circumferential and near-circumferential. Thereafter, their demographics, operative findings, and postoperative outcomes were compared. Forty patients (20 in each group) with an average age of 57.2 ± 6.7 years (range: 40–72) were enrolled in the study. All flaps except one survived. During a mean follow-up of 41.1 ± 24.6 (range: 6–95) months, the stricture rate was significantly lower in the near-circumferential group (one vs. nine [from 17 patients who had resumed oral intake postoperatively] patients in the near-circumferential and circumferential groups, respectively, p = 0.002). Oral intake was viable in all patients with near-circumferential defects but only in 11 patients with circumferential defects (p = 0.003). The near-circumferential group had fewer strictures and better tolerance of oral nutrition, supporting the incorporation of the residual posterior pharyngeal wall via near-circumferential reconstruction instead of discarding it to facilitate circumferential reconstruction.
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|Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
|Published - 2023 10月
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