Comparisons of in situ ionospheric density using ion velocity meters onboard FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 and ICON missions

Jong Min Choi, Charles Chien Hung Lin, Rajesh Panthalingal Krishanunni, Jaeheung Park, Young Sil Kwak, Shih Ping Chen, Jia Ting Lin, Min Ti Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


We report the preliminary inter-satellite comparisons of the in situ ion density measurements by the ion velocity meter (IVM) onboard FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2) and Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) missions, during the solar minimum period of December 2019 to November 2020. The initial comparisons reveal identical diurnal, seasonal, and latitude/longitude variations in the two ion-density measurements, with F7/C2 consistently yielding stronger values than ICON, which could partly result from the difference in their orbit altitudes. The diurnal variation in the equatorial region did not show any effect of pre-reversal enhancement (PRE) during 2019–2020. The daytime plasma distributions show larger ion densities over a narrow latitudinal belt around the geomagnetic equator in all seasons, and the low-latitude densities reveal signatures of hemispherical asymmetry, with larger values occurring in the summer hemisphere. The observations also reveal distinct wavenumber-4 longitudinal modulation, which is most prominent in equinox and becomes less distinguishable during December solstice months. The simultaneous observations from F7/C2 IVM and ICON IVM also provide opportunities to study the spatial configuration and time evolution of ionospheric irregularities in the equatorial and low latitude regions. The F7/C2 and ICON simultaneously observed the equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) occurring around Taiwan on 18 October 2020, and the observations are consistent with each other. The EPBs were also observed by an all-sky imager located in Taiwan, comparing the satellite observations. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

期刊Earth, Planets and Space
出版狀態Published - 2023 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地質學
  • 空間與行星科學


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