Objective: To evaluate the continuity and completeness of electronic health record (EHR) data, and the concordance of select clinical outcomes and baseline comorbidities between EHR and linked claims data, from three healthcare delivery systems in Taiwan. Methods: We identified oral hypoglycemic agent (OHA) users from the Integrated Medical Database of National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH-iMD), which was linked to the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), from June 2011 to December 2016. A secondary evaluation involved two additional EHR databases. We created consecutive 90-day periods before and after the first recorded OHA prescription and defined patients as having continuous EHR data if there was at least one encounter or prescription in a 90-day interval. EHR data completeness was measured by dividing the number of encounters in the NTUH-iMD by the number of encounters in the NHIRD. We assessed the concordance between EHR and claims data on three clinical outcomes (cardiovascular events, nephropathy-related events, and heart failure admission). We used individual comorbidities that comprised the Charlson comorbidity index to examine the concordance of select baseline comorbidities between EHRs and claims. Results: We identified 39,268 OHA users in the NTUH-iMD. Thirty-one percent (n = 12,296) of these users contributed to the analysis that examined data continuity during the 6-month baseline and 24-month follow-up period; 31% (n = 3,845) of the 12,296 users had continuous data during this 30-month period and EHR data completeness was 52%. The concordance of major cardiovascular events, nephropathy-related events, and heart failure admission was moderate, with the NTU-iMD capturing 49–55% of the outcome events recorded in the NHIRD. The concordance of comorbidities was considerably different between the NTUH-iMD and NHIRD, with an absolute standardized difference >0.1 for most comorbidities examined. Across the three EHR databases studied, 29–55% of the OHA users had continuous records during the 6-month baseline and 24-month follow-up period. Conclusion: EHR data continuity and data completeness may be suboptimal. A thorough evaluation of data continuity and completeness is recommended before conducting clinical and translational research using EHR data in Taiwan.
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