Contrast of directional influence upon motor overflow between submaximal and maximal static exertions

Ing Shiou Hwang, Chih Feng Lin, Yi Ching Chen, Chiung Yu Cho, Chun Hou Wang

研究成果: Article

5 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

This study investigated exertion-dependent motor overflow among healthy adults when they performed isometric tasks with contralateral joints in different task directions. Twenty healthy adults (10 males and 10 females, mean age = 26.2 yrs) were instructed to complete a set of isometric contractions of various force vectors with the shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints, in a total of ten motor tasks at submaximal and maximal intensities (50%, 100% maximal voluntary contractions). The electromyographical activities from eight muscles of the unexercised upper limb were recorded to characterize intensity of motor overflow during sustained isometric contraction. Both occurrence frequency and magnitude of motor overflow in terms of standardized net excitation (SNE) increased with exertion level for all joint movements (P < 0.001). Additionally, the motor overflow magnitude depended strongly on the task direction of maximal isometric contraction (P < 0.05). Motor overflow was particularly augmented by the contralateral isometric contractions where task directions were opposed to gravity. However, such a directional effect upon SNE was not evident during submaximal contraction (P > 0.05). The difference of the net excitation between maximal and submaximal contraction (DNE 100%-50%MVC data) indicated that the pectoralis major and triceps brachii consistently exhibited a marked recruitment in reaction to change in task direction of isometric contraction. Patterned motor overflow may be physiologically relevant to topological mapping of the ipsilateral pathways and altered effectiveness of use-dependent interhemispherical connectivity. The current observations provide better insight into gain in muscle strength due to contralateral exercise.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)22-30
頁數9
期刊Chinese Journal of Physiology
49
發行號1
出版狀態Published - 2006 一月 1

指紋

Isometric Contraction
Joints
Wrist Joint
Elbow Joint
Shoulder Joint
Muscle Strength
Upper Extremity
Exercise
Muscles
Direction compound

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

引用此文

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abstract = "This study investigated exertion-dependent motor overflow among healthy adults when they performed isometric tasks with contralateral joints in different task directions. Twenty healthy adults (10 males and 10 females, mean age = 26.2 yrs) were instructed to complete a set of isometric contractions of various force vectors with the shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints, in a total of ten motor tasks at submaximal and maximal intensities (50{\%}, 100{\%} maximal voluntary contractions). The electromyographical activities from eight muscles of the unexercised upper limb were recorded to characterize intensity of motor overflow during sustained isometric contraction. Both occurrence frequency and magnitude of motor overflow in terms of standardized net excitation (SNE) increased with exertion level for all joint movements (P < 0.001). Additionally, the motor overflow magnitude depended strongly on the task direction of maximal isometric contraction (P < 0.05). Motor overflow was particularly augmented by the contralateral isometric contractions where task directions were opposed to gravity. However, such a directional effect upon SNE was not evident during submaximal contraction (P > 0.05). The difference of the net excitation between maximal and submaximal contraction (DNE 100{\%}-50{\%}MVC data) indicated that the pectoralis major and triceps brachii consistently exhibited a marked recruitment in reaction to change in task direction of isometric contraction. Patterned motor overflow may be physiologically relevant to topological mapping of the ipsilateral pathways and altered effectiveness of use-dependent interhemispherical connectivity. The current observations provide better insight into gain in muscle strength due to contralateral exercise.",
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Contrast of directional influence upon motor overflow between submaximal and maximal static exertions. / Hwang, Ing Shiou; Lin, Chih Feng; Chen, Yi Ching; Cho, Chiung Yu; Wang, Chun Hou.

於: Chinese Journal of Physiology, 卷 49, 編號 1, 01.01.2006, p. 22-30.

研究成果: Article

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