Cooperation and storage tradeoffs in power grids with renewable energy resources

Subhash Lakshminarayana, Tony Q.S. Quek, H. Vincent Poor

研究成果: Article同行評審

69 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

One of the most important challenges in smart grid systems is the integration of renewable energy resources into its design. In this paper, two different techniques to mitigate the time-varying and intermittent nature of renewable energy generation are considered. The first one is the use of storage, which smooths out the fluctuations in the renewable energy generation across time. The second technique is the concept of distributed generation combined with cooperation by exchanging energy among the distributed sources. This technique averages out the variation in energy production across space. This paper analyzes the tradeoff between these two techniques. The problem is formulated as a stochastic optimization problem with the objective of minimizing the time average cost of energy exchange within the grid. First, an analytical model of the optimal cost is provided by investigating the steady state of the system for some specific scenarios. Then, an algorithm to solve the cost minimization problem using the technique of Lyapunov optimization is developed, and results for the performance of the algorithm are provided. These results show that in the presence of limited storage devices, the grid can benefit greatly from cooperation, whereas in the presence of large storage capacity, cooperation does not yield much benefit. Further, it is observed that most of the gains from cooperation can be obtained by exchanging energy only among a few energy-harvesting sources.

原文English
文章編號6840292
頁(從 - 到)1386-1397
頁數12
期刊IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
32
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2014 七月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電腦網路與通信
  • 電氣與電子工程

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