Cosolvent effects on the stability of catanionic vesicles formed from ion-pair amphiphiles

研究成果: Article同行評審

51 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Four ion-pair amphiphiles (IPAs), derived from the pairing of alkyltrimethylammonium chlorides and sodium alkyl sulfates, were used to form catanionic vesicles in water upon the mechanical dispersion method. For the first time in the literature, short-chained alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 1-butanol) were added as cosolvents at a variety of concentrations and systematically studied for their effects on the stability of the ensuing vesicles. Dynamic light scattering measurements indicated that vesicles formed from one of the IPAs (i.e., dodecyltrimethylammonium dodecyl sulfate) could be efficiently and successfully stabilized by the addition of appropriate amounts of 1-propanol and 1-butanol. Maximum lifetimes of more than 1 year and 132 days for stable vesicles in 5% 1-butanol and 15% 1-propanol solutions, respectively, were observed, and this demonstrates that a novel method for the stabilization of catanionic vesicles formed from IPAs becomes available by means of cosolvent addition. Furthermore, the stability of catanionic vesicles was found to be strongly dependent on cosolvent concentration. In general, the vesicle stability increased with increasing the cosolvent concentration, reached a maximum at a specific concentration, and thereafter decreased with further increasing the concentration. The vesicles finally disintegrated into constituent molecules in solutions of high cosolvent concentrations. An explanation of cosolvent effects based on the medium dielectric constant was proposed.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)6179-6184
頁數6
期刊Langmuir
21
發行號14
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2005 七月 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 材料科學(全部)
  • 凝聚態物理學
  • 表面和介面
  • 光譜
  • 電化學

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