Cloud radio access network (C-RAN) aims to improve spectrum and energy efficiency of wireless networks by migrating conventional distributed base station functionalities into a centralized cloud baseband unit (BBU) pool. We propose and investigate a cross-layer resource allocation model for C-RAN to minimize the overall system power consumption in the BBU pool, fiber links and the remote radio heads (RRHs). We characterize the cross-layer resource allocation problem as a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP), which jointly considers elastic service scaling, RRH selection, and joint beamforming. The MINLP is however a combinatorial optimization problem and NP-hard. We relax the original MINLP problem into an extended sum-utility maximization (ESUM) problem, and propose two different solution approaches. We also propose a low-complexity Shaping-and-Pruning (SP) algorithm to obtain a sparse solution for the active RRH set. Simulation results suggest that the average sparsity of the solution given by our SP algorithm is close to that obtained by a recently proposed greedy selection algorithm, which has higher computational complexity. Furthermore, our proposed cross-layer resource allocation is more energy efficient than the greedy selection and successive selection algorithms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes