In this work, the influence of V/III ratio on self-catalyzed InSb nanowire (NW) crystal structure is investigated using metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The effective balance of V/III ratio determines the change of InSb NW crystal structure from zincblende to wurtzite. Particularly, as group-V molar flow varies from 6.4 × 10−5 to 8.0 × 10−5 mol/min, wurtzite segment length of InSb NW increases from 16 ± 9 nm to 89 ± 9 nm, whereas zincblende crystal phase is observed for other molar flows. We interpret the observed phase transition to a lower surface energy of In-Sb alloy droplet than pure In-droplet, which makes triple phase line nucleation energetically favorable. This study gives insight on single growth parameter (V/III ratio) change to the InSb NW crystal control, such a technique is essential to selectively tune the crystal phase of single NW for various applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry