Cure kinetics of epoxy/anhydride thermosetting matrix systems

E. M. Woo, J. C. Seferis

研究成果: Article同行評審

84 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The kinetics of bisphenol‐A diglycidyl ether epoxy (DGEBA) cured with trimellitic anhydride (TMA) were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and FT‐IR under isothermal temperatures in the range of 100–200°C. The effects of an onium salt catalyst and styrene monomer (a reactive diluent additive) on cure kinetics of the DGEBA/TMA resin systems were also investigated. For the uncatalyzed DGEBA/TMA system, the reaction was found to be second order up to a fractional conversion of 0.8, where a diffusion‐limited reaction regime was observed as the matrix gelled. The apparent activation energy was calculated to be 11.3 kcal/mol. The cure reaction of the catalyzed DGEBA/TMA system was found to be second order up to a fractional conversion of 0.3 and first order thereafter. The apparent activation energy of the catalyzed resin system was calculated to be 12.3 kcal/mol. In the FT‐IR investigation, it was discovered that the KBr powder catalyzed the cure reaction. Additionally, the styrene component in the styrene‐DGEBA/TMA resin system polymerized independently in the later stage of the cure reaction of the epoxy component. Therefore, the styrene monomer had little effect on the kinetics of cure reaction of the epoxy system.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1237-1256
頁數20
期刊Journal of Applied Polymer Science
40
發行號7-8
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1990 十月 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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