Cutaneous analgesia after subcutaneous injection of memantine and amantadine and their systemic toxicity in rats

Yu Wen Chen, Ja Ping Shieh, Yu Chung Chen, Yuk Man Leung, Ching Hsia Hung, Jhi Joung Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of the study is to find subcutaneous equianalgesic doses of memantine, amantadine and bupivacaine and use these doses to quantify the cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity of these agents after intravenous administration. Memantine, amantadine and bupivacaine, a local anesthetic, in a dose-related fashion were determined for cutaneous analgesia by a block of the cutaneous trunci muscle reflex in rats, and equipotent doses were calculated. Following rapid intravenous infusion of equianalgesic bupivacaine, memantine, amantadine and saline (vehicle) in rats, we observed the onset time of seizure, apnea and impending death, and monitored mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Memantine and amantadine elicited dose-dependent cutaneous analgesia. At the 50 effective dose (ED50), the rank of potencies was bupivacaine [1.8 (1.7-2.0)]>memantine [19.1 (17.6-21.8)]>amantadine [36.1 (32.0-40.3)] (P<0.05). On ED25, ED50 and ED75 basis, the duration caused by bupivacaine was similar to that caused by memantine or amantadine. At equianalgesic doses, the infusion time of memantine or amantadine required to induce seizure, impending death, and apnea was longer than that of bupivacaine during rapid intravenous infusion (P<0.01). The decreasing slope in mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate was slower with memantine and amantadine when compared with bupivacaine at equivalent doses (P<0.01). Our data showed that memantine and amantadine (i) were equal to bupivacaine at producing durations of cutaneous analgesia but (ii) were less likely than bupivacaine to cause cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)25-30
頁數6
期刊European Journal of Pharmacology
693
發行號1-3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2012 10月 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 藥理

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