Cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate response element-binding protein and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein mediate prostaglandin E 2-induced steroidogenic acute regulatory protein expression in endometriotic stromal cells

Chih Chao Hsu, Chun Wun Lu, Bu Miin Huang, Meng Hsing Wu, Shaw Jenq Tsai

研究成果: Article

25 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Aberrant expression of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein in human endometriotic stromal cells plays an important role in the development of endometriosis. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a potent inducer of StAR expression in these cells; however, the mechanisms responsible for the transcriptional regulation of StAR remain to be elucidated. Herein we report that PGE2-induced StAR expression is independent of the transcriptional suppressor DAX-1 but is regulated by the transcriptional activator cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate (cAMP) response element-binding protein (CREB). A promoter activity assay revealed that the cis-element needed for the binding of the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) was critical for PGE2-induced StAR expression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay demonstrated that this region of the StAR promoter was bound by C/EBPα, C/EBPβ, and CREB. Forced expression of either C/EBPα or C/EBPβ alone was sufficient to up-regulate StAR promoter activity whereas PGE2 was needed to induce StAR promoter activity in CREB-overexpressed cells. Results from a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated that the binding of C/EBPβ to the StAR promoter was increased whereas CREB binding was unchanged after PGE2 treatment. Taken together, PGE2-induced StAR promoter activity appears to be regulated by CREB and C/EBPβ in a cooperative manner in ectopic human endometriotic stromal cells, providing a molecular framework for the etiology of endometriosis.

頁(從 - 到)433-441
期刊American Journal of Pathology
出版狀態Published - 2008 八月


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine