Dapagliflozin Mitigates Doxorubicin-Caused Myocardium Damage by Regulating AKT-Mediated Oxidative Stress, Cardiac Remodeling, and Inflammation

Pei Ling Hsieh, Pei Ming Chu, Hui Ching Cheng, Yu Ting Huang, Wan Ching Chou, Kun Ling Tsai, Shih Hung Chan

研究成果: Article同行評審

26 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Doxorubicin (Dox) is a commonly used anthracycline chemotherapy with a side effect of cardiotoxicity, which may increase the risk of heart failure for cancer patients. Although various studies have demonstrated the cardioprotective property of dapagliflozin (DAPA), a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, the detailed mechanism underlying its effect on Dox-induced cardiomyopathy is still limited. In this study, we showed that DAPA induced the activation of AKT/PI3K signaling in cardiac myoblast H9c2 cells following Dox treatment, leading to the upregulation of antioxidant HO-1, NQO1, and SOD, as well as an improved mitochondrial dysfunction via Nrf2. In addition, the reduced oxidative stress resulted in the downregulation of hypertrophy (ANP and BNP) and fibrosis (phospho-Smad3, collagen I, fibronectin, and α-SMA) markers. Furthermore, the inflammatory IL-8 concentration was inhibited after DAPA, possibly through PI3K/AKT/Nrf2/p38/NF-κB signaling. Moreover, our results were validated in vivo, and echocardiography results suggested an improved cardiac function in DAPA-receiving rats. In summary, we demonstrated that the administration of DAPA could mitigate the Dox-elicited cardiotoxicity by reducing oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, fibrosis, hypertrophy, and inflammation via PI3K/AKT/Nrf2 signaling.

原文English
文章編號10146
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
23
發行號17
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 9月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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